Central South University (CSU) is situated in Changsha, a famous historical and cultural city in Hunan, China, and covers an area of 3,170,000 m2, with its campuses distributed on the east and west of Xiangjiang River. Backed by the majestic Yuelu Mountain and facing the grand Xiangjiang River, CSU has pleasing scenery and is ideal for study and research. As a top university directly under the Ministry of Education (MOE) of the People's Republic of China, CSU is one of the first universities admitted into “Project 211” (the Chinese government's endeavor aimed at strengthening about 100 institutions of higher education and key disciplinary areas), “Project 985” (the Chinese government's effort to found world-class universities), and “Plan 2011” (the Chinese government's another initiative to improve universities' innovation forces). In September 2017, CSU was enlisted as one of the A-Level "Double First Rate" universities by the State Council. CSU was established in April 2000 by merging the former Hunan Medical University (HMU), the former Changsha Railway University (CRU) and the former Central South University of Technology (CSUT). The predecessor of CSUT was Central South Institute of Mining and Metallurgy founded in 1952 and that of CRU was Central South College of Civil Engineering and Architecture founded in 1953; their main disciplines originate in Mining & Metallurgy and Civil Engineering, two disciplines of Hunan Industrial College established in 1903. The predecessor of HMU was Xiangya Medical College founded in 1914 as one of China's earliest colleges offering western medicine courses.