Introduction to Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang, formerly known as “Shimen”, abbreviated as “Shi”, is the capital of North China's Hebei Province, the province's political, economic, scientific and technological, financial, cultural and information center. Shijiazhuang is located in south-central Hebei, and is part of the Bohai Economic Rim. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 37° 27' to 38° 47' N, and the longitude 113° 30' to 115° 20' E. The prefecture-level city reaches a 148 kilometres north–south extent and a 175 kilometres wide from east to west. The prefecture has borders stretching 760 kilometres long and covers an area of 15,722 square kilometres. Bordering prefecture-level cities in Hebei are Hengshui (E), Xingtai (S), and Baoding (N/NE). To the west lies the province of Shanxi. The city stands at the edge of the North China Plain, which rises to the Taihang Mountains to the west of the city, and lies south of the Hutuo River. From west to east, the topography can be summarised as moderately high mountains, then low-lying mountains, hills, basin, and finally plains. Administratively a prefecture-level city, Shijiazhuang administers eight districts, two county-level cities, and 11 counties.
Shijiazhuang, with developed science and technology and rich tourism resources, has been approved as one of the first National Demonstration Cities of Science and Technology Innovation, National Semiconductor Lighting Industrialization Base, National Satellite Navigation Industry Base, National Animation Industry Development Base, National Biomedical Industry Base, awarded as National Civilized City, National Forest City, China's Excellent Tourism City, with 40 national key cultural relics protection units, one national historical and cultural city (Zhengding), three national forest parks (XianTai Mountain, Wuyue Village, TuoLiang Mountain).
Xibaipo is located in the territory of Pingshan County, 80 km from Shijiazhuang city, a famous patriotic education base in China and a national AAAA key scenic spot. 1947, the Central Working Committee headed by Liu Shaoqi and Zhu De first stationed in Xibaipo and held the China Land Conference, promulgating and implementing the Outline of China Land Law. 1948, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Ren Bishi led the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the In 1948, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Ren Bishi led the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the PLA headquarters to Xibaipo, where they organized and commanded the three major battles of Liaoshen, Huaihai and Pingjin, achieving a decisive victory in the strategic battle.
China’s oldest stone segmental arch bridge, the Zhaozhou Bridge, has spanned the Jiao River for 1,400 years. As the world’s first stone segmental arch bridge (its arch is a segment of a circle, as opposed to a complete semicircle), it predates other bridges of its type throughout the world by 800 years. In excellent condition, and part of a riverside, landscaped park, it is 50.82 meters long and 9.6 meters wide, with a span of 37 meters. Twenty-two stone posts are topped with carvings of dragons and mythical creatures, with the center slab featuring a magnificent taotie (an offspring of a dragon).
The predecessor of Hebei Museum was the Museum of Hebei Province , founded in 1953, located in the Cultural Square between Zhongshan Road and Fanxi Road. As an iconic culture landscape of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Museum, with the total building area of 53,128 square meters, consists of two connective parts, the northern one founded in 1968 and the southern completed in 2013. With the full advantage of abundant collected resources and the great support from heritage institutions concerned, Hebei Museum launches 9 permanent exhibitions: the Stone Age of Hebei, the Civilization of Shang Dynasty in Hebei, the Story of State Yan and Zhao,the Strong Power of the' Warring-States.the Zhongshan State, Treasures of Han Dynasty-the Han Tombs in Mancheng County, the Fresco of the Northern Dynasties, Quyang Stone Carvings, Selected Porcelains Made in Well-Known Kilns and the Anti-Japanese War: Heroes in Hebei. By means of 5,000 exquisite cultural relics and modernized displaying, Hebei Museum records the human history from two million years ago to present. In addition to the basic display, Hebei Museum also organizes numbers of temporary exhibitions each year, focused on history, culture and art, science and technology, local customs, hot- button issues and other aspects.